# People and places
It is strongly advised to also include a list of people, places and organisations at one place in the document so it can later be used to link to these lists from the text itself, similarly like with the witnesses. For this purpose we should include the
listPlace sections inside the
sourceDesc part of the
See the extended source description
<sourceDesc> <p>General description</p> <listWit> <witness xml:id="A17"></witness> </listWit> <listPerson> <person xml:id="C4"></person> </listPerson> <listPlace> <place xml:id="rome"></place> </listPlace> <listOrg> <org xml:id="catholic-church"></org> </listOrg> </sourceDesc>
List of already identified people, places and witnesses
If you are unsure whether a person, place or witness is already mentioned in the texts and has already assigned ID, you can check the lists of people, places and witnesses (opens new window) generated by the database.
# Marking up people
<person xml:id="Person_A2E" sex="male"> <persName> <forename>Aragorn</forename> <genName>II</genName> <genName>Elassar</genName> </persName> <age value="210" notAfter="3000">210 years old</age> <socecStatus>Chieftain of the Dúnedain, King of the Reunited Kingdom</socecStatus> <note> Aragorn II, son of Arathorn II and Gilraen, also known as Elessar and Strider, was the 16th Chieftain of the Dúnedain of the North; later crowned King Elessar Telcontar (March 1, 2931 - FO 120 or SR 1541), the 26th King of Arnor and 35th King of Gondor - and first High King of Gondor and Arnor since the short reign of Isildur. </note> <link xml:lang="eng" target="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aragorn" type="wiki">Wikipedia</link> </person>
Each person should be wrapped inside the
person element with a unique id. It is recommeneded to add prefix as
Person_ to the actual actual ID, so it won't collide with other IDs later.
Additional descriptive elements can be used. The attribute
sex can be used to determine person's gender. Valid values are
# Name of the person
<persName xml:lang="eng"> <forename>Aragorn</forename> <genName>II</genName> <addName>Elassar</addName> </persName>
persName element should contains a proper noun or proper-noun phrase referring to a person, possibly including one or more of the person's forenames, surnames, honorifics, added names, etc. For this purpose additional descriptive elements should be used.
In case there are different variants of name in each language used in the document, we can repeat the
persName element with set language attribute
forename element should contain a forename, given or baptismal name.
surname contains a family (inherited) name, as opposed to a given, baptismal, or nick name.
# Generational name component
<genName>II</genName> <!-- also possible --> <genName>the Younger</genName>
genName contains a name component used to distinguish otherwise similar names on the basis of the relative ages or generations of the persons named.
# Role name
<roleName>Earl of Bath</roleName>
roleName contains a name component which indicates that the referent has a particular role or position in society, such as an official title or rank.
# Name link
nameLink contains a connecting phrase or link used within a name but not regarded as part of it, such as van der or of.
# Added name
<addName>Elassar</addName> <!-- or --> <addName>the Great</addName>
addName contains an additional name component, such as a nickname, epithet, or alias, or any other descriptive phrase used within a personal name
# Place name
placeName contains an absolute or relative place name.
# Birth and death
<birth when="-0044-03-20">March 20th 43 BC. <placeName> <settlement type="city">Sulmona</settlement> <country key="IT">Italy</country> </placeName> </birth> <death notBefore="0017" notAfter="0018">17 or 18 AD <placeName> <settlement type="city">Tomis (Constanta)</settlement> <country key="RO">Romania</country> </placeName> </death>
Person descriptions can contain information about it's birth and death. These elements can include additional describing elements as in example. More information about these elements can be found in the Place section.
# Socio-economical status
<socecStatus>King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad, King of the Universe</socecStatus>
socecStatus contains an informal description of a person's perceived social or economic status.
The content of this element may be used as an alternative to the more formal specification made possible by its attributes; it may also be used to supplement the formal specification with commentary or clarification.
<age value="210" notAfter="3000-01-01">210 years old</age>
To describe the age of the person the
age element can be used. The element can contain only number, or number with additional information. In both cases the attribute
value should be set to exact age or if it is unknown we can use attributes
notBefore. These two attributes should contain valid date in the following format
The element specifies the faith, religion, or belief set of a person.
# Additional notes
<note type="bibliographical">Aragorn II, son of Arathorn II and Gilraen...</note>
note element can be used to provide further information about the person. The element can also conatin attribute
type that provides further specification of the type of the note.
# Links to other resources
<link xml:lang="eng" target="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aragorn" type="wiki">Wikipedia</link>
link element can be used to provide links to other resources. The attribute
xml:lang can be used to specify the language of the link. When no
xml:lang attribute is provided the resource is considered to be in English. The attribute
type can be used to specify the type of the link. Following types will be supported:
|Type||Name of the resource|
|web||For official website|
person element is further described in the TEI documentation guide (opens new window). There is also extensive list of additional descriptive tags that were omitted from this guide, but can be used.
# Describing places
<place xml:id="Place_UniFr"> <placeName xml:lang="fre">Université de Fribourg</placeName> <placeName xml:lang="ger">Universität Freiburg</placeName> <settlement>Fribourg</settlement> <region>Canton de Fribourg</region> <country key="CH">Suisse</country> <location> <geo>46.80625, 7.15174</geo> <address> <addrLine>Avenue de l'Europe 20</addrLine> <addrLine>CH-1700 Fribourg</addrLine> </address> </location> <link target="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Freiburg" type="wiki">Wikipedia</link> </place>
place element should contain information about the geo-political or geographical place. Additional descriptive tags can be used to provide further information about the place. In the example above the University of Frideburg is described in detail.
# Place name and/or geographic name
<placeName xml:lang="fre" type="university">Université de Fribourg</placeName> <!-- but also --> <geogName xml:lang="eng" type="river">Mississippi River</geogName>
placeName element should be used whenever the geo-political place is described. It should contain the
xml:lang attribute that describes the language used in the name. The
type attribute can be used to further describe type of the place eg.
city and so on. For geographical places like rivers, lakes and mountains
geogName element can be used. Similarly like with
xml:lang should contain the language abbreviation. In similar fashion as with the
type attribute can be used to further informn about the type of the place. Possible types:
Types of places are not defined by us, so it's up to you, but keep them as short as possible. If you need to use more than one word, keep them hyphenated as whitespaces are used as separators.
settlement element contains the name of a settlement such as a city, town, or village identified as a single geo-political or administrative unit. The
type attribute can be used to provide further categorization.
<region>Canton de Fribourg</region>
region element contains the name of an administrative unit such as a state, province, or county, larger than a settlement, but smaller than a country. The
type attribute can be used to provide further categorization.
region element contains the name of a geo-political unit, such as a nation, country, colony, or commonwealth, larger than or administratively superior to a region and smaller than a bloc.
<location> <geo>46.80625, 7.15174</geo> <address> <addrLine>Avenue de l'Europe 20</addrLine> <addrLine>CH-1700 Fribourg</addrLine> </address> </location>
Defines the location of a place as a set of geographical coordinates, in terms of other named geo-political entities, or as an address. Additional descriptive elements can be used. The forementioned elements as
settlement can also be used inside the
location tag, for examples see location of organization.
# Geographical coordinates
Contains any expression of a set of geographic coordinates, representing a point, line, or area on the surface of the earth in some notation. The pair of numbers should be always separated with the whitespace as they will be interpreted as latitude followed by longitude according to the World Geodetic System.
<address> <addrLine>Avenue de l'Europe 20</addrLine> <addrLine>CH-1700 Fribourg</addrLine> </address>
Contains a postal address, for example of a publisher, an organization, or an individual.
place element is further described in the TEI documentation guide (opens new window). There is also extensive list of additional descriptive tags that were omitted from this guide, but can be used.
# Lists of organizations
<org xml:id="Org_TB"> <orgName xml:lang="eng" notAfter="1960">The Silver Beetles</orgName> <orgName xml:lang="eng" notBefore="1960">The Beatles</orgName> <location> <country>United Kingdom</country> <city>Liverpool</city> </location> <desc> The group, whose best-known line-up comprised John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr, are regarded as the most influential band of all time. </desc> </org>
org element provides information about an identifiable organization such as a business, a tribe, or any other grouping of people. Organisation should have
xml:id attribute with a unique ID, it is recommended to use
Org_ as a prefix to the ID so it won't collide with other IDs in the document.
# Name of the organization
<orgName xml:lang="eng" notAfter="1960">The Silver Beetles</orgName>
The element should contain an organizational name. The attribute
xml:lang should contain the language abbreviation. Additional attributes like
notBefore can be used if the name of the organization was changed over the time.
# Location of the organization
<location> <country>United Kingdom</country> <settlement>Liverpool</settlement> </location>
This element should contain description of the location where the organization can be found. It can contain
geo location and
address as was described in the place location or relative description in tags as
<desc>The group, whose best-known line-up comprised John Lennon...</desc>
description element can be used to provide further information about the organization.
<link target="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Freiburg" type="wiki">Wikipedia</link>
Similar to the
link element in the
person element, the
link element can be used to provide links to other resources. The
type attribute can be used to provide further categorization. See link description in person section for more information.